Water

National Winning Article 3rd – 70,000,000 litres of rain water – should they be wasted?

submitted by Beppe Grech & Christopher Busuttil St Margaret College Verdala BSS for Water
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The article is about abondoned reservoirs as that of Has Saptan. It is a pity that when rainwater accumulates in such reservoirs this vital resource is quickly lost through leakages and ends up in the sea. These abondoned reservoirs can be restored and the water used for irrigation purposes. If fully functional these reservoirs will ensure that nearby settlements are not flooded when heavy rain falls over the Maltese Islands.



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The Life-Sustaining Drink

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The Life-Sustaining Drink Potable water is a life-sustaining drink that is pure enough to be consumed without harming yourself in the process. The demand for fresh water is very high, making potable water a scarce resource. Sources of water supply include: rainfall, ground water and the sea. In most developed countries, it is common to find water supply networks supplying clean water to households. Locally we mainly use reverse osmosis which is a filtration method that removes many types of large molecules and ions from solutions by applying pressure to the solution when it is on one side of a selective membrane. Unfortunately this consumes vast amounts of energy. This resource must not be wasted and people should appreciate every single drop of it. In Malta we rely on reverse osmosis far too much and new methods to obtain pure water in a more efficient way must be researched.



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Water

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Water, or a compound known as H20, is a tasteless and odourless liquid at room temperature. It freezes at temperature below 0°C and becomes a gas at areas of high temperatures or by boiling. It covers about 70% of the earth’s surface and it is vital for all known forms of life; human flora and fauna. Water is absolutely essential to the human body’s survival. A person can live for about a month without food, but only about a week without water. While the daily recommended amount of water is eight cups per day, not all of this water must be consumed in the liquid form. Nearly every food or drink item provides some water to the body. Water naturally moisturizes skin and ensures proper cellular formation underneath layers of skin to give it a healthy, glowing appearance. Water also helps in the digestion process and prevents constipation.



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Wied Incita

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This is a view of the upper part of Wied Inċita which starts off from the countryside surrounding the village of Attard. This is a short walking distance from my home and I visit the place regularly. Unfortunately this part of the valley is not appreciated by many as it is very close to a busy road and throughout most of the year it is usually dry and not particularly attractive. But when it rains for several days, water starts to stream through it and in a short period of time all kinds of plants and flowers start to grow. If you are lucky you might also come across tadpoles swimming and frogs hopping around. What makes me angry is the lack of appreciation for the natural environment of some people who litter this gem of a place with empty bottles and other rubbish.



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Safeguarding our watercourses and their habitats

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It is our duty as Maltese citizens to preserve our own environment and its habitats. Due to its geographical position, shape and weather Malta has a lot of Valleys, which are spread all around the islands. The large number of valleys found in Malta is mainly due to the sedimentary nature of these islands. Since these sedimentary rocks are soft they can easily wear off by heavy rainfalls forming water canals and water courses. Water courses are an important element in a valley. They should be preserved for a number of factors mainly the rich biodiversity they harbor. Due to the shelter provided by their sides and their water supply, river valleys are one of the richest habitats in the islands.



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Sea Pollution

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It seems that almost everyday there is another story about pollution of one form or another, in the food we eat, the water we drink and the air we breathe. Very often our own actions lead to that pollution and in many cases, almost in all, we can do something about it to make the environment around us a better place, therefore reducing a lot of the pollution. One type of pollution that is common and well-known with us is sea pollution. We use water daily in our homes and industries. The water we use, in our case, is taken from underground (groundwater) and the sea surrounding our island, and after we have used it, and contaminated it, most of it returns to these locations.



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L-Effett tat-Traskuraġni

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L-egoiżmu tal-bniedem huwa spiss il-kaġun prinċipali ta’ kif jitniġġeż l-ilma, li huwa riżors importanti ħafna għal ħajjitna. Madwar il-Gżejjer Maltin insibu diversi ġibjuni tal-Gvern li wħud minnhom mhumiex miżmuma fi stat tajjeb. Wieħed minn dawn il-ġibjuni li jinstab fl-Imqabba, qiegħed imdawwar bix-xibka. Sfortunatament, postijiet minnhom ix-xibka hija maqlugħa minn postha. B’ kaġun t’ hekk, kull meta tkun x-xita, ammont raġonevoli ta’ skart li jkun fit-toroq tal-Imqabba qed jibqa’ jserrep mal-kurrent tal-ilma tax-xita sakemm fl-aħħar jispiċċa ġo dan il-ġibjun. Minbarra l-effett ikrah għal għajnejn il-bniedem, traskuraġni ta’ dan it-tip qed tħalli effett ukoll fuq l-ilma. Dan għaliex qed jiġi kkontaminat bil-kimiċi mill-ħmieġ. Agħar minn hekk, l-ilma mniġġeż qed jikkontamina diversi nsetti u speċi oħra li jistgħu jaffetwawlna saħħitna wkoll. Bla dubju l-effett tat-traskuraġni qed ikun aktar ħsara fuq ħajjitna u fuq il-ġenerazzjonijiet tal-futur.



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Reaching New Heights

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In this picture, as you can see there is a pair of shoes, tied together, which were thrown from the street and hanged to the electrical wires very close to a typical stone Maltese balcony. This can cause several damages. For example, when it rains, the shoes will remain wet. We all know what water can cause when it meets electricity. It can lead to various household damages such as appliances due to electrical shortages. Apart from this they are also damaging the appearance of the locality itself and in this case obstructing the view of a beautiful Maltese traditional stone carved balcony. In my opinion these shoes should be removed by the Local Council workers in order to improve the image of this place and allow the stylish medieval stoned balcony attract the attention of anyone passing by.



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Water – An Existence

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A dam is a barrier that impounds water and is constructed from a variety of materials such as rock, wood, steel and concrete. It serves the primary purpose of retaining water, to manage or prevent water flow into specific land regions and furthermore to collect water or for storage of water which can be evenly distributed between locations. The picture shows the Chadwick Lakes water reservoir filled to the brim after heavy rainfall. This early dam system was constructed in 1886 under the direction of Sir Oswald Chadwick with the intention of using this magnificent resource in a more sustainable manner.



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Water: An Essence, An Existence and An Essential

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The world would be a desolate, motionless and unresponsive place without its existence. Man-kind would endure a great deal. This article takes a look at this incredible resource and its preservation throughout the ages.



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